Horse Racing Glossary – Horse Racing Terms and Definitions
January 12, 2021
Throughout the board – a guess on a horse to win, place, and present. The minimal guess is $6 as a result of three wagers ($2 to win, $2 to position, $2 to point out) are being positioned. If the horse wins, the bettor receives win, place, and present payouts. If the horse finishes second, the bettor receives place and present payouts, and if the horse finishes third, the bettor receives the present payout.
Allowance Race- an occasion aside from claiming for which the racing secretary drafts sure circumstances.
Allowances- weights and different circumstances of a race.
Additionally-eligible – a horse formally entered however not permitted to begin except the sector is lowered by scratches under a specified quantity.
Apprentice Allowance – weight concession to an apprentice rider. This varies amongst states from 5 to 10 kilos. Slang time period is “bug.” Indicated by an asterisk subsequent to the jockey’s title in this system.
Child race – a race for two-year-olds.
Bottom – a racetrack’s barn or secure space.
Backstretch – the straight a part of the observe on the far facet between turns; slang time period to explain the barn or secure space.
Bandage – strips of material wound across the decrease a part of horses’ legs for help or safety towards damage.
Bar shoe – a horseshoe closed on the again to assist help the frog and heel of the hoof. Typically worn by horses with quarter cracks or bruised toes.
Bay – a horse’s coat colour starting from tan to auburn. The mane and tail are all the time black as are the decrease portion of the legs (black factors), apart from any white markings.
Beyer Velocity Determine – a handicapping software, developed by sports activities author Andy Beyer of the Washington Submit, assigning a numerical worth to every race run by a horse based mostly on closing time and observe situation.
Bleeder – a horse that bleeds from the lungs after or throughout a work-out or race.
Blinkers – gadget to restrict a horse’s imaginative and prescient to stop him from swerving from objects, others horses, and so on.’ on both facet of him.
Board – the “tote” or totalizator board, which shows odds, betting swimming pools, and others race data.
Backside Line – the decrease half of a pedigree diagram, indicating the feminine facet of a horse’s bloodlines.
Bounce – a poor efficiency adopted by an exceptionally good one.
Field – a wagering time period denoting a guess wherein all doable numeric combos are lined.
Breakage – at pari-mutuel betting tracks, the rounding off to a nickel or dime, as required by state legal guidelines, in paying off wining tickets. The breakage is normally cut up between the observe and the state in various proportions.
Bug Boy – an apprentice jockey.
Bullet – quickest exercise of the day at a selected distance.A bullet
precedes the work time in listings.
Butazolidin (Bute) – the commerce title for phenylbutazone, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
Chalk – the wagering favourite in a race. The time period dates from the times when on-track bookmakers would write odds on a chalkboard.
Chestnut – a horse’s coat colour starting from golden to pink to chocolate (liver chestnut). Mane and tail are normally the identical shade because the physique; additionally, a small, attractive progress on the within of a horse’ legs, simply above the knee on the forelegs and under the hocks on the hind legs.
Claiming Race – an occasion wherein every horse entered is eligible to be bought at a set value.
Clerk of Scales – a racing official whose chief responsibility is to weigh the riders earlier than and after a race to ensue correct weight is being carried.
Clocker – an individual on responsibility throughout morning coaching hours to establish the horses through the exercises, time them, and report back to the general public their coaching actions. Some clockers work for the racetrack; others are employed by Equibase.
Clubhouse Flip – the primary flip previous the end line, the place the clubhouse is normally situated.
Colours – a horse proprietor’s racing silks, jacket, and cap, worn by jockeys to indicate the horse’s possession. All colours are totally different, and plenty of are registered with The Jockey Membership.
Colt – A male Thoroughbred horse (aside from gelding or ridgeling) that has not reached his fifth delivery date or has not been bred.
Commingle – combining mutuel swimming pools from off-track websites with the host observe.
Situation Guide – a collection of booklets issued by a racing secretary that lists the races to be run at a selected racetrack.
Conformation – the bodily look or qualities of a horse.
Managed Medicine – a time period extensively used to imply that some medicine, primarily phenylbutazone and furosemide (see Lasix), are permissible underneath managed circumstances that permit veterinary administration of predetermined dosages at predetermined intervals previous to race time.
Coupled – tow or extra horses operating as a single betting unit. Also called an entry.
Each day Double – a kind of wager calling for the collection of the winners of two consecutive races, normally the primary and second on the race card however could be any two consecutive races.
Dam – the feminine guardian of a horse.
Darkish bay or brown – a horse’s coat colour that ranges from brown with areas of tan on the shoulders, head, and flanks, to a darkish brown, with tan areas solely within the flanks and/or muzzle (nostril). The mane, tail and decrease legs are black.
Lifeless Warmth – tow or extra horses ending on even phrases.
Declared – a horse withdrawn from a stakes race prematurely of the scratch time on the day of the race.
Derby – a stakes race for three-year-olds.
Distaff – a race for feminine horses.
Canines – limitations positioned on a observe away from the within rail to point that the within strip of the observe just isn’t for use throughout morning exercises to protect the floor. Exercises round theses limitations are famous, and the occasions are correspondingly slower as a result of longer distance added on the turns.
Dosage – a type of pedigree evaluation, popularized by Dr. Steven Roman, that has develop into primarily related to figuring out whether or not Kentucky Derby contenders can go a mile and 1 / 4. The system appears at patters of potential in horses based mostly on an inventory of proponent sires, every of whom known as a chef-de-race. Every sire is put in one in all 5 classes: sensible, intermediate, basic, strong, , which quantify pace and stamina.
Eighth – an eight of a mile; a furlong; 220 yards; 660 toes.
Entry – tow or extra hoses representing the identical proprietor and/or coach and operating collectively as a single betting entity. (See Coupled.)
Exacta – to win, a bettor should decide the horses that end first and second in actual order.
Exacta Field – a technique to assure the end result of the primary two finishers no matter which horse wins.
Unique Wager – additionally known as a mixture wager; a wager that entails two or extra horses.
Far Flip – the flip or bend within the racetrack reverse the primary or club-house flip.
Quick (observe) – situation of the observe floor whereby the footing is dry, even, and resilient.
Area – mutuel area; a number of starters operating coupled as a single betting unit. Normally horses decided to have a small probability to win are grouped within the “area.” Additionally used as a time period for all of the horses in a race.
Agency (observe) – situation of turf course floor comparable to a quick floor on the dust or principal observe.
First Flip – the bend of observe past start line. Also called the clubhouse flip.
Flat Race – a contest on degree floor versus a hurdle race, a steeplechase, or a harness race.
Foul – an motion by a horse or a jockey that hinders or interferes with one other horse or jockey within the operating of a race.
Fractional time – intermediate occasions in a race, as on the quarter-mile, half-mile, three-quarters, and so on.
Entrance-runner – a horse whose common operating model is to get to the lead or close to the lead quickly after hate begin of the race and keep there so long as doable.
Full Brother (or sister) – horses which have the identical sire and dam.
Furlong – one-eighth of a mile; 220 yards; 660 toes.
Furosemide – a diuretic remedy usually used to deal with horses that endure from train induced pulmonary hemorrhage (bleeding) at racetracks. Authorized to make use of underneath sure circumstances in most states. Generally known as by its former model title, Lasix though the newer model title is Salix.
Gelding – a male horse that has been castrated.
Good (observe) – situation of observe floor between quick and sluggish as floor dries out.
Graded Stakes – a stakes race decided by the American Grades Stakes Committee to obtain a grade degree of I, II or III, relying on previous area high quality, amongst different components. American races had been first graded in 1973.
Granddam – the grandmother of a horse.
Grandsire – the grandfather of a horse.
Grey – a hose’s coat colour that’s composed of a mix of black and whit hairs. Starting with foals of 1993, Th Jockey Membership classifies a grey horse as “grey/roan.”
Group Race – additionally is aware of as a patter races; the European equal of graded stakes.
Half trouble (sister) – horses which have the identical dam. Doesn’t apply to horses that share solely the identical sire.
Hand – 4 inches; unit used to measuring a horse’s top from the bottom to the withers.
Handicap – a race wherein the racing secretary determines the wight every horse will carry in keeping with his evaluation of the horse’s potential relative to that of the opposite horses within the area. The higher the horse the extra wight he would carry to present every horse a theoretically equal probability of profitable.
Handicapper – one who handicaps races, formally or privately; skilled who makes alternatives for publication. Additionally, title given to the racing secretary who assigns weights for handicaps on the observe. Additionally, a heroes that normally runs in handicap races.
Handicapping – the examine of all components in previous performances to find out the relative qualities of horses in a race to be able to place a guess. These components embrace distance, weight, observe circumstances, trainers, jockeys, breeding, and so on.
Deal with (mutuel) – the sum of money guess on a race, a every day card, or the full quantity guess through the assembly, season, or yr at a observe.
Excessive weight – highest weight assigned or carried in a race.
Homebred – a horse bred by its proprietor.
Horse – any Thoroughbred no matter intercourse; particularly, a whole male, 5 years previous or older or any male that has been bred.
Inquiry – when observe stewards evaluation a race to verify for a foul or different infraction of the foundations of racing. Additionally, an indication flashed on the tote board on such events to alert bettors to carry their tickets till the race is made official.
Within the cash – when a horse finishes in first, second, or third.
Intertrack wagering – ITW; wagering on a simulcast race from one other observe.
Jockey – an expert race rider.
The Jockey Membership – the official registry of the American Thoroughbred. Included in 1894 in New York Metropolis, The Jockey Membership maintains the American Stud Guide, a register of all Thoroughbreds foaled within the US, Puerto Rico, and Canada.
Jumper – a steeplechase or hurdle horse.
Juvenile – a two-year-old horse.
Key horse – a single horse utilized in a number of combos in an unique wager.
Lasix – the previous model title for furosemide, a diuretic generally administered to racehorses. Denoted in applications by an “L”; new model title is Salix.
Late double – a second every day double provided through the latter a part of the race card.
Lay-up – a racehorse despatched from the racetrack to a farm to coaching middle to recuperated from damage or sickness or to be rested.
Size – a measurement approximating the size of a horse from nostril to tail, about eight toes. Distance between horses in a race; calculated as one-fifth of a second by way of time.
Listed race – an ungraded stakes race.
Maiden – a racehorse of both intercourse that has by no means gained a race; a feminine horse that has by no means been bred. Additionally, a race classification open solely to horses which have by no means gained a race.
Mare – a feminine Thoroughbred 5 years previous or older, or youthful if she has been bred.
Medicine listing – an inventory maintained by the observe’s veterinarian and revealed by the observe exhibiting which horses have been handled with legally prescribed medicines.
Minus pool – a mutuel pool cased when a horse is so closely guess that after deductions of state tax and fee, there’s not sufficient cash left to pay the legally prescribed minimal of every profitable guess. The racetrack normally makes up the distinction.
Morning line – odds quoted within the official program on the observe and are the percentages at which betting opens.
Mudder – a horse that runs finest on a muddy or mushy observe.
Muddy (observe) – situation of observe floor that’s moist however has no standing water.
Mutuel pool – pari-mutuel pool; sum of the wagers on a race or occasion, such because the win pool, exacta pool, and so on.
Mutuel window – a spot at a racetrack or different betting facility the place an individual goes to make a wager or to gather winnings.
Close to facet – left facet of a horse; a horse is mounted from this facet.
Oaks – a stakes occasion for 3 year-old fillies.
Objection – a declare of foul lodged by one jockey towards one other.
Odds-on – a payoff that may be lower than even cash.
Off facet – proper facet of a horse.
Off observe – a observe that’s not quick.
Official – an indication displayed when outcomes are confirmed. Or, a racing official.
Off the board – describes a horse that finishes worse than third.
Off-track betting – OTB; wagering at legalized betting retailers run by racetracks, corporations specializing in pari-mutuel betting, or, in New York State, by impartial corporations chartered by the state. Wagers at OTB’s are normally commingled with on-track betting swimming pools.
On the board – describes a horse that finishes first, second, or third.
Out of the cash – a horse that finishes worse than third.
Overlay – a horse whose odds ware better than its potential to win.
In a single day – a sheet revealed by the racing secretary’s workplace itemizing the entries for an upcoming race card.
In a single day race – a race wherein entries shut a selected variety of hours earlier than operating (ex: 48 hours), versus a stakes race for which nominations shut weeks or months prematurely.
Pacesetter – a horse that’s operating in entrance or on the lead.
Paddock – space the place horses are saddled and paraded earlier than a race.
Pari-mutuel – the type of wagering present in any respect US tracks at present wherein odds are decided by the sum of money guess on every horse. In essence, bettors are competing towards one another not towards the observe, which acts as an agent, taking a fee on every guess to cowl purses, taxes and working bills.
Parlay – a multi-race guess wherein winnings are subsequently guess on every succeeding race.
Half-wheel – utilizing a key heroes(s) in several, however not all doable, unique wagering combos.
Previous performances – a line-b-line itemizing of a horse’s race file, plus earnings, connections, bloodlines, and different pertinent data.
Patrol judges – officers who observe the progress of a race from numerous vantage factors across the racing strip.
Pedigree – a written file of a Thoroughbreds household tree.
Phenylbutazone – a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory remedy authorized in sure quantities for racehorses in lots of states. Usually administered 24 to 48 hours earlier than race time. Additionally known as Bute or Butazolidin.
Photograph end – a outcome so shut that the stewards need to evaluation the end line photograph to find out the order of end.
Choose (quantity) – a kind of multi race wager wherein the winners of designated races have to be picked. Ex: decide three or decide 6.
Positioned – ending second or third in a race. A stakes-placed horse is one which has completed second or third in a stakes however has not gained a stakes.
Place guess – a wager wherein the bettor collects if the horse finishes first or second. Nonetheless, if the horse wins, the bettor receives solely the place payout.
Plater – a horse that runs in claiming races.
Factors of name – a horse’s place at numerous places on the race observe the place its operating place is famous on a chart. The places range with the race distance and normally correspond to the fractional occasions additionally famous on the chart.
Pole – markers positioned at measured distances across the observe and recognized by distance from the end line. Ex: The quarter pole is 1 / 4 of a mile from the end.
Pool – the full cash guess on complete area to win, place, and present.
Submit parade – horses going from the paddock to the beginning gate (put up), parading previous the stands.
Submit place – a place within the beginning gate from which a horse breaks. Numbered from the rail outward.
Submit time – the designated time for a race to begin.
Prep – coaching; an occasion that precedes one other, extra vital, engagement.
Purse – a race for cash or different prize to which the house owners don’t contribute.
Quinella – a wager wherein the primary two finishers have to be picked in both order.
Rabbit – a pace horse operating as an entry with one other, normally late-running horse. The rabbit is predicted to set a quick tempo to assist its stablemate’s possibilities.
Race-day remedy – remedy given on race day; most medicines, aside from Lasix, are prohibited in nearly all racing jurisdictions.
Racing secretary – an official who drafts circumstances for races, writes the situation guide, and normally serves as handicapper.
Restricted race – a race restricted to sure starters both due to their hometown or their earlier winnings.
Roan – a horse’s coat colour that could be a combination of pink and white hairs or brown and white hairs. The Jockey Membership classifies this coat colour underneath the label “grey/roan.”
Route – when the pasterns of a horse hit the observe in a race or exercise, inflicting abrasions. Additionally a bandage to stop damage from operating down.
Saddle material – a material underneath the saddle on which the quantity denoting the horse’s put up place is displayed for races.
Scale of weights – fastened imposts to be carried by horses in a race decided in keeping with age, intercourse, season and distance.
Scratch – to take away a horse from a race earlier than the race goes off.
Present – third place on the end
Present guess – a wager wherein the bettor collects if his horse finishes first, second, or third, however he solely collects the present payout.
Silks – the jacket and cap worn by riders.
Simulcast – a dwell tv transmission of a race to different tracks, off-track betting services, or different retailers for wagering.
Sire – the daddy of a horse; a stallion that has produced a foal that has gained a race.
Sixteenth – one-sixteenth of a mile; a half-furlong; 110 yards; 330 toes.
Sloppy (observe) – a situation of observe floor wherein it’s saturated with water and standing water is seen.
Sluggish (observe) – situation of observe floor wherein the floor and base are each moist.
Smooth (observe) – situation of the turf course with a considerable amount of moisture.
Sophomore- a three-year-old horse.
Sound – time period used to indicate a Thoroughbreds well being and freedom from illness or lameness.
Velocity Determine – a handicapping software used to assign a numerical worth to a horse’s efficiency. See Beyer pace determine.
Dash – a race distance of lower than one mile in Thoroughbred racing.
Stakes – the very best class of race. A race wherein an entry payment is paid by the house owners of the horses beginning and people entry charges are added to the purse; thus, a stakes is sometimes called an added-money race. Additionally, invitational races (no entry payment required) with a big purse (normally $50,000 or extra) are thought to be stakes races.
Stakes-placed – a horse that competes primarily in stakes race however that won’t have truly gained a stakes.
Stallion – a whole male horse used for the aim of breeding.
Starter – a racing official accountable for the beginning gate. A horse that runs in a race.
Starter allowance – a selected sort of race written to permit claiming horses which have improved from their earlier kind to run in a non-claiming occasion.
Starter handicap – the identical kind of race as a starter allowance besides that the horses are assigned weights by the handicapper relatively than figuring out them from allowance circumstances.
State-bed – a horse bred and/or foaled in a selected state in a way that meets all the standards set down down by state regulation and racing fee guidelines, and thus is eligible to compete in particular races.
Stayer – a horse that may run lengthy distances.
Stewards – racing officers who uphold the foundations of racing at a racetrack. They reply to the state racing fee, and their choices could be appealed to that physique.
Steeplechase – a race wherein horses leap over a collection of obstacles on a turf course.
Straight wager – w wager to win, place or present
Stretch runner – a horse that runs its quickest nearing the end of a race.
Superfecta – a wager wherein the bettor should decide the primary 4 finishers in a race in actual order.
Takeout (take) – fee deducted from mutuel swimming pools that’s shared by the observe, horsemen, and the state.
Thoroughbred – a particular breed of horse used for flat and steeplechase racing.
Tongue-tie – a strap or tape bandage used to tie down a horse’s tongue to stop it from choking him in a race or exercise.
High line – a Thoroughbreds breeding on the sire’s facet (sire line). Additionally, the visible line created by the horse’s again.
High weight – the excessive weight in a race.
Totalizator – an intricate machine that sells betting tickets, information whole of straight win, place, and present swimming pools, and retains observe of quantity guess on every horse within the tree classes; exhibits odds to win on every horse within the area and full payoffs after the end.
Tote board – the digital totalizator show within the infield, which presents up-to-the -minute odds. It additionally could present the quantities wagered in every mutuel pool in addition to data on jockey and gear modifications, and so on.
Observe bias – a racing floor that appears to favor a selected operating model, similar to front-running, or place, such because the rail.
Observe file – quickest time at numerous distances made at a selected course.
Trifecta – a wager wherein the bettor should decide the primary three finishers in a race in actual order.
Trifecta field – a trifecta wager wherein all doable combos utilizing a given variety of horses are guess upon.
Turf – grass versus dust racing surfaces; when capitalized in a sentence, denotes your entire racing business.
Flip downs – rear footwear which might be turned down three-quarters of an inch on the ends to supply higher traction on an off observe. This sort of shoe is unlawful in some racing jurisdictions.
Underlay – a horse guess at shorter odds than would seem warranted judging by its previous performances.
Walkover – a race wherein just one horse competes in any case others are scratched or no different horses are entered.
Washy – when a horse breaks out in a nervous sweat earlier than a race.
Weight-for-age – fastened scale of weights to be carried by horses in keeping with age, intercourse, distance of race, and month.
Wheel – betting all doable combos in an unique wager utilizing a minimum of one horse as the important thing.
Wire-to-wire – to guide in a race from gate to the end line.
Yielding – situation of the turf course with lots of moisture in it inflicting horses to sink into it noticeably.